A critical gap in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Database is the absence of patient-reported outcomes (PRO), which are of increasing importance in outcomes and performance measurement. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating PRO into the STS Database for patients undergoing lung cancer operations.
The National Institutes of Health Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) includes reliable, precise measures of PRO. We used validated item banks within PROMIS to develop a survey for patients undergoing lung cancer resection. PRO data were prospectively collected electronically on tablet devices and merged with our institutional STS data. Patients were enrolled over 18 months (November 2014 to May 2016). The survey was administered preoperatively and at 1 and 6 months after lung cancer resection.
The study included 127 patients. All patients completed the initial postoperative survey, and 108 reached the 6-month follow-up. The most common procedure was video-assisted thoracic lobectomy (55%). At the first postoperative visit, there was a significant increase in pain, fatigue, and sleep impairment and a decrease in physical function. By 6 months, these PRO measures had generally improved toward baseline.
Collecting PRO data from lung cancer surgical patients and integrating the results into an institutional database is feasible. This pilot serves as a model for widespread incorporation of PRO data into the STS Database. Future integration of such data will continue to position the STS National Database as the gold standard for clinical registries. This will be necessary for assessing overall patient responses to different surgical therapies.
Source: Annals of Thoracic Surgery.
Author: Khullar, O. V., Rajaei, M. H., Force, S. D., Binongo, J. N., Lasanajak, Y., Robertson, S., . . . Fernandez, F. G. (2017).https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28483154