To assess the construct validity and responsiveness of the PROMIS Physical Function v1.2 short form 8b (PROMIS-PF), and the PROMIS Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities v2.0 short form 8a (PROMIS-APS) in postoperative recovery.
An observational pilot study was conducted in which 30 patients participated, undergoing various forms of abdominal surgery. Patients completed the PROMIS-PF and PROMIS-APS, the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS) at several time points before and after surgery. The construct validity and responsiveness of the two PROMIS short forms were evaluated by testing pre-defined hypotheses and were considered adequate when at least 75% of the data was consistent with the hypotheses. Construct validity was evaluated by calculating Spearman correlations and the responsiveness by calculating effect sizes.
6/7 (85.7%) of the results were consistent with the hypotheses supporting the construct validity of the PROMIS-PF. For the PROMIS-APS this was the case in 7/15 (46.7%) of the results. For the PROMIS-PF, 6/7 (85.7%) of the results were consistent with the hypotheses, supporting responsiveness. Regarding the responsiveness of the PROMIS-APS, only 7 out of 13 (53.8%) of these results were consistent with the hypotheses.
This study supported the construct validity and the responsiveness of the PROMIS-PF v1.2 short form 8b for measuring recovery in abdominal surgery. Considering the major advantages of PROMIS, we recommend the use of the PROMIS-PF in abdominal surgery.
Author: van der Meij, E., Anema, J. R., Huirne, J. A. F., & Terwee, C. B. (2018).
Source: BMC Health Services Research, 18, 128.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819257/